PRELIMINARY DRAFT NO. 4
DISCUSSION DRAFT NO. 2


MODEL PENAL CODE:
SEXUAL ASSAULT & RELATED OFFENSES PRELIMINARY DRAFT NO. 4
(Document Contained in 1 2 3 4 5 Files)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  BEGINNING OF DOCUMENT i
REPORTERS’ MEMORANDUM xi
     

SUBSTANTIVE MATERIAL

     
I. PROPOSED SECTIONS 213.0 TO 213.8 1
     
II. GENERAL COMMENTARY 10
A. INTRODUCTORY NOTE 10
B. BACKGROUND AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE 1962 CODE 10
C. SOCIAL AND LEGAL DEVELOPMENTS SINCE 1962 13
D. VICTIMIZATION AND CRIMINAL-JUSTICE RESPONSES TODAY 17
E. DECISION TO STRIKE THE 1962 TEXT OF ARTICLE 213 22
F. THE ORGANIZATION OF ARTICLE 213 23
     
III. STATUTORY COMMENTARY 25
A. SECTION 213.0 DEFINITIONS 25
B. SECTION 213.1 RAPE AND RELATED OFFENSES 29
1. Physical force – Section 213.1(1)(a) and (b) 31
a. Current law – force, coercion, and resistance 31
b. The revised Model Code – Section 213.1(1)(a) and (b) 36
2. Age of the victim – Section 213.1(1)(c)(i) 38
3. Incest – Section 213.1(1)(c)(ii) 40
4. Inability to express nonconsent – Section 213.1(1)(c)(iii) and (iv) 41
a. Sleeping, unconscious, and physically impaired victims – Section 213.1(1)(c)(iii) 41
b. Mental incapacity – Section 213.1(1)(c)(iv) 42
5. Purposely induced intoxication – Section 213.1(1)(c)(v) 43
6. Aggravating circumstances – Section 213.1(2) 45
C. SECTION 213.2 SEXUAL INTERCOURSE BY COERCION OR IMPOSITION 47
1. Nonconsent – Section 213.2(1)(a)(i) 48
2. Professional services involving disrobing – Section 213.2(1)(a)(ii) 53
3. Nonviolent coercion – Section 213.2(1)(b) 55
4. Imposition without overt coercion – Section 213.2(3) 67
a. Positions of authority 67
(i) Custodial detention – Section 213.2(3)(a)(i) 69
(ii) Other restrictions on liberty – Section 213.2(3)(a)(ii) 70
b. Competency to consent 71
(i) Minors – Section 213.2(3)(b)(i) 71
(ii) Intoxication – Section 213.2(3)(b)(ii) 72
c. Mental disability – Sections 213.2(3)(b)(iii) and 213.2(3)(b)(iv) 77
5. Sex trafficking – Sections 213.2(2) and (4) 79
D. SECTION 213.3 SEXUAL INTERCOURSE BY EXPLOITATION 81
1. Professional misconduct – Sections 213.3(1) and (2) 81
a. Sexual intercourse between a mental-health professional and
a current patient – Section 213.3(1)
81
b. Other professional relationships – Section 213.3(2) 90
2. Deception – Sections 213.3(3) and (4) 96
3. Minors vis-ΰ-vis adult authority figures – Sections 213.3(5) 104
E. SECTION 213.4 SEXUAL INTERCOURSE WITHOUT CONSENT 106
F. SECTION 213.5 CRIMINAL SEXUAL CONTACT 110
1. Current law 111
2. Definitions – Section 213.0(6) 115
3. Offenses – Section 213.5 119
a. Sexual contact without consent – Section 213.5(3) 121
b. Sexual contact by coercion or imposition – Section 213.5(2) 122
c. Aggravated sexual contact – Section 213.5(1) 123
G. SECTION 213.6 CRIMINAL SEXUAL CONTACT WITH A CHILD 124
H. SECTION 213.7 SEXUAL OFFENSES INVOLVING INTIMATE PARTNERS 127
I. MENS REA FOR SECTIONS 213.1 TO 213.6 142
     

EVIDENTIARY MATERIAL

     
I. PROPOSED SECTION 213.8 153
     
II. COMMENTARY 156
A. CONTEMPORARY CONCERNS RELATING TO PROCEDURE AND EVIDENCE 156
B. RECOMMENDATIONS TO STRIKE THE CURRENT PROCEDURAL PROVISIONS 157
1. Victim Sexual History (§ 213.6(3) of the 1962 Code) 157
2. Prompt Complaint, Corroboration, and Cautionary Instructions
(§ 213.6(4) and § 213.6(5) of the 1962 Code)
158
a. Prompt Complaint 158
b. Corroboration 159
c. Cautionary Instructions 161
C. SECTION 213.8 OF THE REVISED CODE: PROCEDURAL AND EVIDENTIARY PRINCIPLES APPLICABLE TO ARTICLE 213 163
1. Sexual History of the Complainant 164
a. Current Law 164
b. The Revised Code Section 213.8– General Consideration
Applicable to Rape Shield
172
c. Section 213.8(1)(a) 205
d. Section 213.8(1)(b) 208
2. Sexual Conduct of the Defendant 224
a. Current Law 224
b. Section 213.8(2) 225
3. Testimony Outside of the Courtroom 227
a. Current Law 227
b. Section 213.8(3) 233
4. Initial Complaints 234
a. Current Law 234
b. Section 213.8(4) 238